DEPARTMENT OF METEOROLOGY
Comprehensive data on climate was never collected in East Africa until the establishment of a formal meteorological service in 1929 to serve mainly the British Royal Air Force and Navy. The East African Meteorological Department (EAMD) was established in 1948 upon the establishment of the East African High Commission. The post-independence era saw a steadily increasing awareness of the vital importance meteorological services have in pre-investment planning, efficient and safe aviation operations as well as mitigation of adverse atmospheric effects in all socio-economic activities.
The East African Community (EAC) meteorological services for the three Partner States (Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda) were run as common services by the East African Meteorological Department (EAMD) with its headquarters in Nairobi, Kenya. Each of the Partner States had a regional office charged with the collection and minor analysis of data, monitoring of performance of the stations in its area of jurisdiction and producing both public and aviation forecasts using products from the regional headquarters.
At the collapse of the former East African Community, in 1977, the EAMD had embarked on the process of expanding the climatological network, particularly agro-meteorological stations to support agricultural production. At that point, the Uganda Government took over responsibility for running the meteorological services which, indeed, were well organized. The Department of Meteorology (DoM) was established in 1977 as a specialized Department of Government responsible for the implementation of national and international policies for the provision of meteorological services. The Department of Meteorology (DoM) is responsible for establishing and maintaining weather and climate observing network, collection, analysis and production of weather and climate information and products, (including warnings) to support social and economic development. The key sectors served by DoM include Transport (mainly Aviation), Defence, Agriculture, Disaster Preparedness, Environmental and Water Resources Management, Tourism and Construction Industry.
DoM accomplishes these responsibilities in collaboration with the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and its Member States and other Global and Regional Meteorological Centres. The WMO through its programmes has assisted Member States through access to products developed by World Centres. The World Centres have played a great role in improving understanding and advancing the science of meteorology, particularly climate prediction. Climate prediction has developed considerably in the last twenty years to the extent that climate can now be predicted with very good levels of accuracy well in advance.
The Commissioner is in overall charge of the DoM; he also doubles as the Permanent Representative (PR) with the WMO. The Commissioner is also in charge of policy formulation, institutional development, cooperation with WMO and its Member States and advising the Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Water and Environment (parent ministry) on weather and climate related issues. The Commissioner also provides guidance and direction to the divisions to ensure smooth functioning of the Department. The Office of the Commissioner also coordinates with other technical institutions such as Water, Agriculture and Forestry on matters related to meteorology.
The Department of Meteorology has four divisions, namely:-
i. The Station Network Division - responsible for the design of optimal network system, implementation and monitoring of the station networks to ensure flow of data to the collecting centres;
ii. The Training and Research Division - responsible for the development of training and research programmes. It also liaises with other regional centres, WMO and its Members States;
iii. The Forecasting Division - responsible for collection and distribution of real-time data collected within Uganda to other world users and analyzing and producing daily public and aviation forecasts for all flights leaving or flying over Ugandan air space; and
iv. The Data Processing and Applied Division - responsible for collection, processing and archiving all the data observed in Uganda. This division also produces regular ten-day, commonly referred to as Dekadal, and Monthly Bulletins.
These bulletins are specifically designed to meet the concerns and needs of the farming community and provide useful information for planning and marketing purposes.
“To monitor weather and climate, exchange data/information and products and issue advisories to clients”
“To be a centre of excellence for provision of responsive weather and climate services for sustainable development.”
“To provide accurate and timely weather and climate information and to promote its application for safety and improved productivity.”
The functions of Department of Meteorology include the following:
(i) To interpret, review and recommend appropriate changes in the climate and weather policies;
(ii) To promote, guide and coordinate the implementation of policies and programmes;
(iii) To popularize the climate and weather services;
(iv) To analyse and document climate and weather trends and their implications on socio-economic development;
(v) To align policies and programmes with climate and weather related international instruments;
(vi) To provide guidelines for preparation and review of climate and weather profiles and plans of action;
(vii) To build capacity at central and local government levels for the implementation of the climate and weather programmes;
(viii) To mobilize resources to support climate and weather programmes and activities;
(ix) To commission research and policy oriented studies to inform policy and programming;
(x) To promote the integration of climate and weather factors in development planning at the national and lower levels;
(xi) To promote collaboration and strategic partnership with government agencies, academic institutions, civil society organizations, cultural and other institutions at various levels in the management of climate and weather programmes and projects;
(xii) To monitor, detect, attribute and predict climate change using scenario models;
(xiii) To deal with climate change science.
MAJOR PRODUCTS and SERVICES
Weather and Climate information outputs and some of the end users of the outputs
|Daily public forecasts||
- Weather for the current day
|- Business community|
- General public for daily tasks prioritisation
|Aviation forecasts||Air route and terminal airdrome forecasts||Flight operators|
|Ten-day (decadal) and Monthly Agrometeorological bulletins||
- Weather summary/highlights for the last dekad
|- The farmers|
- Extension staff
- Early warning system and researchers
- All players in agricultural production, including policy makers
- Farmers, early warning systems and researchers
|Monthly Weather bulletin||Climatological statistics including comparison of current month and long term averages||- Planners|
|Special forecasts||- Seasonal forecast circulars|
- Press releases on unpredicted weather events of concern to the public
|- Legal and Policy makers|
- General public
|Tailored services (user specific)||- Information given according to specific request|
- Technical work e.g. consultancies and installations of private weather equipment
|All types of customers|
Department of Meteorology,
10th Floor Postel Building,
Plot 67/75 Clement Hill Road,
P. O. Box 7025, Kampala.
Phone +256 414 251798
Fax +256 414 251797