The Water and Environment Sector consists of two sub-sectors: the Water & Sanitation (WSS) sub-sector and the Environment & Natural Resources (ENR) sub-sector. The Water and Sanitation Sub-Sector comprises of Water Development, Water Resources Management, Rural Water Supply and Sanitation, Urban Water Supply and Sanitation, and Water for Production.
The Ministry of Water and Environment (MWE) was established in 2007, from the then Ministry of Water, Lands and Environment, following the cabinet decision taken on 15th April, 2007. It has the overall responsibility of the development, managing, and regulating water and Environment resources in Uganda.
The Ministry of Water and Environment (MWE) has the responsibility for setting national policies and standards, managing and regulating water resources and determining priorities for water development and management. It also monitors and evaluates sector development programmes to keep track of their performance, efficiency and effectiveness in service delivery. MWE has three directorates: Directorate of Water Resources Management (DWRM), Directorate of Water Development (DWD) and the Directorate of Environmental Affairs (DEA).