CONSULTANCY SERVICES TO SUPPORT DEVELOPMENT OF WOODLOTS ON PRIVATE LAND TO ENHANCE THE SUPPLY OF TIMBER, POLES, FUEL AND OTHER PLANTATION PRODUCTS
Uganda is the largest refugee-hosting country in Africa and the third largest worldwide. Due mainly to conflicts and instability in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and South Sudan, Uganda is hosting over 1.3 million refugees and asylum-seekers. The refugee presence has added to existing pressure on the environment, leading to an increase in the rate of forest resource degradation and tree loss. Recent assessments have shown that the inflow of refugees in north-western, western and south-western Uganda has exacerbated ongoing environmental impacts and associated challenges, including land degradation and woodland loss, leading to constrained access to energy for cooking and competition with local people for woodfuel and other natural resources. In some cases, refugees have been settled close to high-value protected areas such as Central Forest Reserves and Wildlife Reserves, where the combined impacts of refugees and host communities on forest resources are locally significant.